Incidents in Saint-Etienne: “The way in which France suppresses violent habits has perverse results”

It was simply three days in the past. Saint-Etienne followers lunged en masse on the Geoffroy-Guichard garden, annoyed with their membership’s formalization for Ligue 2 entry, with a fierce want to battle, throw smoke bombs and rockets at gamers and in direction of the official platform. Simply over forty-eight hours after these surreal scenes, it is time to attempt to clarify. For Nicolas Hourcade, a sociologist on the Ecole Centrale de Lyon and a soccer fan specialist, these occasions must be envisaged:They have been broadly marketed. All observers knew that the state of affairs in Saint-Etienne was a strain cooker. A land invasion was particularly feared“.

They see themselves as guarantors of the membership’s identification

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However how did we get to the extent of division in Saint-Etienne that made an invasion on the bottom a welcome choice? “There’s a critical battle between the membership and fan associations, particularly ultras. The issue will not be restricted to sports activities efficiency and the descent to L2Mr. Hourcade explains. The membership has been on sale for very lengthy months, with none materialization of the operation. Ultras accuse their administration of navigating in sight and endangering the membership’s future. They see themselves as guarantors of the membership’s identification and need to categorical their opposition to the coverage pursued“.

Opposition they confirmed on quite a few events this season, since October forward of Saint-Etienne-Angers virtually an hour delayed for throwing smoke bombs and rockets onto the garden. Then within the Coupe de France towards Jura Sud in January, earlier than the ultimate repetition towards Monaco a month in the past and at last the unhappy footage of the ultimate whistle towards Auxerre final Sunday. “This 12 months, they suffered quite a few grandstand closings and journey bans, which they often discovered unfair, fueling their dislike of sports activities and public authoritiescontextualizes the Hour. With their relegation to Ligue 2, their anger exploded fully. These explanations completely don’t justify overflows, however mean you can perceive the motivations.

Firecracker, smoke … The sport needed to be interrupted between Jura Sud and Saint-Etienne

The essential downside of recruiting flight attendants

Nevertheless, regardless of a number of components pointing to the probability of motion being taken, the convenience with which the Saint-Etienne crowd entered the sphere after the second last whistle final Sunday exhibits an absence of preparation for expectations at greatest. worst complete and presumed abandonment of safety. The query then arises the best way to clarify such mismanagement of an occasion, which was however anticipated. “With the well being disaster, the habits of managing the protection of soccer matches have disappearedExplains Nicolas Hourcade, for whom safety difficulties may be defined by two most important axes. The essential downside is the recruitment and coaching of flight attendants. We now have seen in Good, Stade de France or Saint-Etienne that it was tough to have competent sufficient flight attendants. It’s a skilled sector that must be thought-about and appreciated“.

One other downside is the anti-theft gadgets which should be capable to keep away from invasion of the earth with out endangering society. We noticed in Good at the beginning of the season and in Saint-Etienne on Sunday that the invasion of the pitch was too straightforward“concludes the sociologist. On the Stade Geoffroy-Guichard on Sunday, the one penalty prescribed was the closure of 1 stand, regardless of quite a few incidents this season. Collective sanctions that aren’t tailored to the state of affairs of Nicolas Hourcade:”The way in which France represses the violence of some supporters is ineffective and even has perverse results. ““.

Police in smoke Geoffroy-Guichard on the finish of Saint-Etienne – Auxerre

Supply: Getty Pictures

Within the Nineties, when the English and Germans confronted critical issues of violence and racism amongst their supporters, they didn’t resolve them by closing the stands or banning all supporters from the touring membership. They handled them by figuring out aggressive folks and forbidding them from getting into the stadium– dietary supplements the specialist, referring particularly to the “soccer offenses regulation” of 1991 in England, penalizing particular person habits inconsistent with the relevant laws to jail.

Deal with non-problem supporters and violent supporters in a different way

An method radically totally different from that at the moment really useful in France: “France favors collective sanctions that have an effect on society as a complete, even those that have completed nothing unsuitable. Underneath these circumstances, when the platform is reopened, everybody returns, together with these beforehand responsible of violence. The problem is to deal with supporters who are usually not problematic and supporters of violence in a different way“.

Invasion of AS Saint-Etienne followers after relegation to Ligue 2

Supply: Getty Pictures

Immediately, the Forez membership is risking heavy fines and a degree withdrawal for subsequent season within the second division. Nevertheless, regardless of authorities bulletins made to a handful of minorities, as of the beginning of fiscal 2021-2022, Nicolas Hourcade has a extra normal downside, each in Saint-Etienne and elsewhere:There may be actually a situational downside this season. The return of the viewers to the stadiums was characterised by robust pleasure, typically constructive, however typically additionally damaging. Furthermore, France will not be an remoted case, and incidents are multiplying throughout Europe this 12 months, particularly in England.“.

So you do not essentially need to hit the followers tougher, however totally different. And most of all, to grasp the motivations behind these behaviors, risking an increasing number of scenes showing, corresponding to in Saint-Etienne on Sunday or in Saint-Denis on Saturday, and find yourself with rather more dramatic penalties:We have been fortunate this weekend that there have been no critical accidents. The gadgets cited have by no means been excuses however explanations for the rise in violence. If we don’t perceive the causes of overflow, we can’t deal with it successfully“.

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