La Marsa… cradle of warlike palaces

AA / Tunis / Hajer Cherni

Tunisia enjoys a cosmopolitan id and abounds in a luxurious architectural heritage. With its buildings relationship from totally different historic intervals, Tunis acquires a palatial structure, an imposing and timeless appeal. Anadolu Company has returned to the historical past of essentially the most unmissable Beylic Palaces in La Marsa.

Within the coronary heart of La Marsa, a number of emblematic monuments of this seaside city within the northern suburbs of Tunis, testify to the conflict interval. Distinctive architectural gems inform the story of a belligerent Tunisia. Sadly, a number of palaces have disappeared and others have managed to face up to the passage of time.

Kobbet el Houa, Essaada (Palace of Happiness), el Abdalliya or Dar el Bey, are warlike palaces positioned in La Marsa.

The Beylic dynasty that reigned in Tunisia from 1705 to 1957 noticed a succession of 19 Beys who owned quite a few residences in and round Tunis, notably in Bardo, La Manouba, La Marsa and Carthage.

Within the mid-Nineteenth century, the city of La Marsa, positioned between the hill of Sidi Bou Saïd and the cliff of Cap Gammarth, turned the residence of the Hussein dynasty.

“Mhammad Pasha Bey (1855-1859), had established an unlimited beylic area consisting of a number of buildings within the Dar Ettaj palace (the crown home),” stated Mohamed Ali Bey, a descendant of the beylical household.

* Palaces steeped in historical past

Kobbet el Houa, with its well-known dome adorning the seaside, bears witness to Tunisian life, particularly in the course of the summer time interval.

Image of La Marsa, this magical palace that mixes nostalgia and authenticity is a beylic palace constructed within the Nineteen Twenties, in accordance with the municipality of La Marsa.

Nevertheless, some historians point out that the development dates again to the reign of Ali Bey III (1882–1902). Others imagine that this constructing was constructed within the early Thirties, whereas others attest that this pavilion was established on the time of Ali ben Hussein Bey, across the second half of the Nineteenth century.

“This particular place allowed the Beylica household to benefit from the sea in the course of the summer time season, however above all to wash out of sight,” stated Mohamed Ali Bey, vp of the Affiliation for Historical past and Reconciliation.

And so as to add, ”not removed from Kobba, you possibly can see the ‘Maawma’ (a vacation dwelling), which had a hatch that allowed the ladies (the princesses) to bathe, silently out of sight”.

The palace is, actually, inbuilt an eclectic type, a mix of eras with a fusion of types from numerous origins, the place artwork deco and the Moorish type are blended.

”This warlike pavilion, like different palaces, has undergone a number of conversions and has undergone a number of transformations (eating places/business tasks, and many others.) which, amongst different issues, marred its authenticity”, he lamented.

* Essaada Palace… the Palace of Happiness

Just a few meters from Kobbet el Houa is Essaada, which within the mid-Nineteenth century turned the residence of the Hussein dynasty. On the time, the bey Mhammad Pasha Bey put in there an unlimited warlike area consisting of a number of buildings within the Dar Ettaj palace (the home of the crown, a warlike palace that now not exists right now). Ali Bey resided there completely from 1859 till his demise in 1902.

The palace, which right now homes the seat of the municipality, was the scene of the signing of the conference between Tunisia and France in June 1883. Then, the 2 events carried out the Bardo Treaty of Might 12, 1881, which established the French protectorate in Tunisia.

”The Palace of Happiness was additionally the place the place the primary President of the Republic, Habib Bourguiba, acquired personalities on an official go to to Tunisia”, stated our speaker.

Essaada was constructed within the middle of a giant wooded backyard, adorned with vegetation, shrubs and bushes of all origins. It additionally homes a portray gallery unfold over three rooms, the place exhibitions are held.

Its immense park, fantastically adorned with flowers and numerous vegetation, is open to the general public who come to walk and benefit from the zephyr of Marseille. This coastal village positioned north of Tunis has been, over time, the place of residence of the Beys, extra significantly after the development of many palaces and residences, and this, till the eve of the Proclamation of the Republic in 1957.

* El Abdeliya Palace… an excellent masterpiece

Labeled as a historic monument since Might 3, 1923, the historical past of El Abdeliya Palace and its origins stay obscure to this present day. Its most important entrance opens below a portico with three arches supported by stone columns and Turkish capitals.

On the entrance, the door is nailed below a damaged arch. The primary entrance corridor, known as ”Driba”, was used as a courtroom or courtroom.

In accordance with data collected on the web site ”Musée sans frontières” (Meusum with out borders), El Abdeliya has ”a dome in shell squinches, adorned with carved plaster from the Husseinite bouquet”.

As for the partitions, ”they’re lined with Nineteenth century Italian faience with a staircase that provides entry to the patio and the residences”.

Certainly, its basis dates again to the sixteenth century and “constitutes the one proof of civil structure for residential use within the Hafsid interval”, wrote Mohamed El Aziz Ben Achour, a Tunisian historian and college specialist within the city, social and cultural historical past of recent Tunisia and Islamic civilization in an article revealed in Leaders journal.

In accordance with him, the title of the palace is “derived from the title of the sultan who ordered the development of this architectural gem. It was Abu Abdallah Mohamed (1494-1526), ​​”emir of the Hafsid dynasty who dominated over present-day Tunisia and a part of Tripolitania and western Algeria from the thirteenth to the sixteenth century”.

Additionally in accordance with the identical supply, this warlike residence consisted of three palaces linked collectively by an unlimited park that stretched from the irrigated agricultural space of ​​Al Ahouèche (a city in La Marsa) to the ocean.’, he defined.

It should be stated that the primary Abdalliya was within the sector known as Al Hafsî, within the space of ​​the present TGM station, on La Marsa Corniche.

“It’s the former Palace of Ismael Bey, renovated in 1900”, assured the president of the Affiliation, recalling on this sense that “the second was positioned close to the Saf-Saf café”.

“As for the third Abdalliya, or Al Abdalliya al Kobra, it’s positioned in La Marsa-Ville,” stated Mohamed Ali Bey.

* Palais Ahmed Bey… Dar el Bey in ruins

It is exhausting to imagine that this constructing as soon as lived in all its glory. At present, Ahmed Bey Palace is in peril. Rebuilt by Sultan Hafsid Abu Abdallah Mohamed across the yr 1500, dealing with the Saf-Saf, the palace was later rebuilt by Hussein Ben Ali (1705-1735) and his son Ali Bey (1759-1782).

”Between 1814-1824, Mahmoud Bey lived there and it was later that Ahmed I Bey (1835-1855) ceded this palace to his maternal uncle, Depend Raffo, in 1847”, our interlocutor remembers.

In accordance with this descendant of the Bey, “these architectural gems are actually thrown by the wayside. And but the palatial structure of Tunisia beilica bears witness to such a wealthy previous.

In accordance with him, these architectural gems “should be preserved and maintained and for future generations to know the true historical past of Tunisia and uncover extra in regards to the lifetime of the Beys”.

”If you cross in entrance of sure palaces, sure buildings stay unknown. I blame the Tunisian authorities for turning a blind eye to a historical past spanning greater than 250 years of the Beylic dynasty’s reign,’ he concluded.

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